Basic information of different types of berry

Botanical specifications

Berry is dicotyledon plant. In terms of botany, berry is known as a fleshy fruit, in which the entire wall of the ovary is embedded in an edible pericarp. The ovary is always located beneath the flowers, which have one or more carpel within a thin cover and have internal fleshy parts.


Morusnigrahas large, heart shaped leaves that ripen in June to September, which can be freshly consumed or used to make jam.These fruits usually do not appear until the age of four or five years. Another variety isMorus alba or White mulberry. Originally from China, it reaches a height of 18-18 m and can be found everywhere and is resistant to temperature fluctuations, which is more adaptable to hot and dry weather and resistant to cold and dehydration.Morus alba var.pedulaIt is beautiful in young age but with age it disappears and the lower branches dry up.

Suitable environment and soil

In any type of soil, it works in the sun or in the shade and because of its deep root system, it prefers deep, strong, calcareous soils.


Do not prune as much as possible, unless necessary. In the winter, dead branches can be removed.


Seed is sown from April to June and then blended with soil by blower. In September they can be transplanted with the crazy, blackberry or black mulberryvarieties that can be used in the second year of winter.

Food and Drug Use

The sweet and savory fruit of the berry is a human feed and its leaf is a silkworm feed. White fruits dry berries and these fruits are sweet but they are not harmful to people with diabetes. Mulberry fruit, dry or fresh, relieves nose dryness and is a friend of spleen liver. The decoction enlarges the urine of the root and leaves of the berry, and its sap has been used as a healing and wound healing in the past. The extract of the berry leaf is strong anti-toxin. Mulberry sugar does not cause obesity.

The red variety, red mulberry (Morusrubra) is the name is a species of berry genus.

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