Better identification of saffron

Leaf characteristics

The leaves of saffron are usually one to four centimeters long. Saffron has sharp leaves that are darker and lighter underneath.

The severity of this difference varies between species. Leaf thickness may also be low or high in different saffron varieties such as khazri, zagros; white, purple, beautiful and jasmine.


Stigma is the most important part of the saffron flower is the saffron. The stigma is divided into different parts of “sorghum”, “pulpal”, “bunch” and “konjeh”. The best quality of saffron comes from the upper part of stigma.

The stigma color, which depends on the amount of carotenoid and lycopene present, ranges from pale red to pale orange.

The stigma or redness of the saffron flower is called the root. This part is bright red at the beginning of harvest, but gradually darkens.

The stigma is three-branched and its size different from three part style and may longer, shorter or same size with style. Its length differs in comparison with petal. All types of saffron style found in Iran. The end of the stigma is folded which is found in some cultivars of saffron.

The width of the crater varies from wide to thin. The color of the end of the stigma has a white vein, which may vary, depending on the species.


It is yellowish in some species, such as the Caspian saffron, and in some other species, such as the Zagros saffron is lighter. This color difference depends on the proportion of carotenoid present in that species.


The general shape of the bulb can be elliptical, ovoid, rhombic, ovoid, circular or elliptic. One of the traits under consideration is its neck width, which can be very narrow, narrow, and up to very wide. The shape of the saffron onion base may be round or flaky.

Also, the diameter of the bulb at the beginning, end and middle of the bulb may vary. Bulb shape is very important in terms of its use in the market. In saffron onions, multiflora, as in most medicinal plants containing onions, has a very low percentage

The saffron bulb has brown fibers that in some species are very compact and in some species less backward, beyond which the white onion is clearly visible.


It is the first organ of saffron to appear on the soil surface as soon as it sprouts and forms a pin. The scoops are very tall in some cultivars and are most commonly found in tall saffron cultivars. Most of the medium varieties are also present and in short cultivars saffron is also very short.

Fresh saffron has a delicious aroma and gives the foods a special taste and pleasure.

Only twice a year, the first of November (before harvesting) and early December (at the end of harvesting) needs water, and by spring, rain and snow are sufficient.

Planting, harvesting and harvesting it creates many job opportunities.

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