Dates take four stages of ripening, and in these stages, changes occur in their color, texture, taste, size, and chemical composition. Dates are primarily greenish, tangy, water-rich and tannin-rich, and have a bitter taste. Over time, the moisture content of this fruit is lower and the amount of sugar increases to eventually become completely ripe. Ruttab is the stage before the complete processing of Iran Dates , which has a higher moisture content and less sugar than the fully ripe dates. At the Tamr stage (the ripe date), moisture content reaches its minimum, and the date color is completely brown to black. At this stage, the amount of the regenerative sugars (fructose and glucose) is high and sucrose is low and has a uniform and sometimes wrinkled texture.
Are the dates that are completely sticking together and are rich in date sauce more sugary than other dates?
This stickiness occurs in soft and wicker cultivars with higher moisture content. The date crust may be torn due to pressure or other factors and let the water content, containing sugar, extracts, and proteins, out of it. Therefore, this is not a sign of a higher sugar content.
Given that the date contains a lot of carbohydrates (sugar content), it is a good environment for the growth of microorganisms, especially yeasts. Therefore, our advice is to maintain the fresh and soft dates in the refrigerator.
Is the sugar and calorie content different in different dates?
Yes, different dates have different sugar levels at just a few percent. It’s nice to know that this sugar is a regenerative sugar (fructo-glucose) and sucrose. Soft dates contain less sucrose, more regenerative sugar and more water than dry and semi-dry ones, but their sugar content is not much different. Therefore, soft dates have less energy than dry varieties, but in total, every 100 grams of dates (depending on softness or dryness) has about 150 to 300 kilo calories of energy.
Is there a difference between dry and fresh dates?
Yes, the humidity or the fresh date water supply is high, sometimes for more than half of the date weight. This amount of water prevents the long-term maintenance of this fruit and limits its transportation and packaging. By drying dates in traditional and industrial methods, they reduce the amount of water in the date to keep it more maintainable. The date drying results in a relational increase in the concentration of sugar, so consuming a certain amount of dry dates in comparison with fresh dates is about twice the energy for the body.
What is the best way to keeping dates at home?
Due to the fact that the date contains a lot of carbohydrates (sugar content), it is a good environment for the growth of microorganisms, especially yeast, so our advice is to keep soft and fresh porridges open. The cold of the refrigerator’s interior is associated with the growth of microorganisms, as well as the activity of enzymes. In general, the date can be kept for about 8 months in the refrigerator, but keeping dry dates out of the refrigerator and closed containers is fine. Dry dates can hold up to one year in the refrigerator.
Is it necessary to wash or peel the dates before consuming it?
In terms of health, it is necessary to wash your dates like any other fruit before you consume it. Because there are many types of microorganisms and contaminations in the palm trees. Due to the dust phenomenon that has caused many problems in the west and southwest of the country in recent years, it is necessary to wash the dates before they are consumed more than before, so it is recommended to wash the dates thoroughly before using, but there is no need for peeling them.
Why are some dates sour?
The dates are with varieties of carbohydrates (sugar content). If the growth conditions of microorganisms are provided, soft dates, which have a higher moisture content than the dry ones, quickly ferment, and taste and smell the rancidity. The relatively warm and humid air and the presence of oxygen are essential for the growth of microorganisms and fermentation, and if stored at low temperatures such as in refrigerators and closed containers, the storage capacity is higher.