Specialized information about saffron
Storage conditions of saffron
Saffron especially after grinding should be kept in a glass cup away from light and moisture. Because the saffron essential oil (volatile substances) can be evaporated, if the oil is improperly stored it evaporates over time and it’s medicinal and taste effects decrease and its quality is lost.Sometimes, however, the saffron often smells up to 1 or 2 months after harvest.
Benefits of saffron
Excessive consumption can lead to menstruation and miscarriage. Overdose may also cause vomiting, uterine bleeding, diarrhea, blood in the urine, nosebleeds, bleeding near the eyes and lips, yellowing of the skin, and mucous membrane yellowing.
Taking about 20 grams is generally fatal.
Rats have a particular interest in saffron. Both in summer and winter they can be threatening. The repeatedly destruction of tunnels they have built can be reduced their threat.
There are three types of fungal infections that can harm saffron:
– Rhizoctonia Corcoran: causes brown veins and plant death.
– Fusarium: harmful to saffron corm.
– Purple root rot: the disease is highly contagious and called mort du saffron.
All of these diseases are resistant to most fungicides and occur in the third or fourth year. As a result, the corms should be removed from the soil and planted in another soil.
Safflowerand corn stigma after adding some additives and soaking it in cow’s blood, sells as cheap saffron in some parts of the country like Kerman. This saffron is harmful to the health of consumers and produced in Mashhad by some sellers in Kerman market. The low price of this counterfeit saffron has become a welcome addition to consumers.
Coloring, grinding, mixing with corn starch and adding oil are the most common methods of producing counterfeit saffron. One way to chew on saffron is to stigmatize it with some fat, sugar, salt or honey and increase its weight.
The most dangerous way to chew saffron is to use artificial colors. If synthetic dyes are used in saffron, it is detectable in the laboratory, as its low pigmentation power indicates this fraud.
These synthetic dyes are very dangerous to human health. The safflowers imported from Mecca as saffron and often in powder form are made from these dangerous synthetic colors.